This research focused on the various relationships that grow out of guerrilla gardening. Guerrilla gardens are illicitly planted vegetation on vacant city land. It is often those people who do not have the means to access private gardening space who are in the most need of it, and have the potential to reap the most benefits. Using political ecology and Marxist perspectives, both the political and socio-cultural dimensions of human-environmental interactions are analyzed in order to more fully understand the realm of influences and constraints of gardening in cities. Although Marx’s scholarship did not directly focus on nature, his thoughts provide a useful framework for researchers studying human-environment dynamics from a political or economic lens. Two case studies of urban gardens in the United States are presented to provide tangible examples of what happens when people act on a need or desire, pick up a shovel, and plant something without permission.
Environmental Anthropology, Dr. Jeremy Spoon, Portland State University, 2011